Office Politics and How You Can Make it Work for You

  | 4 min read
office politics

Office politics are strategies, whether good or bad, used to get leverage in the workplace. Most people associate office politics with backstabbing, favoritism, stepping on toes and self-interest. This is why most people would rather not engage in office politics at all. 

However, Avoiding office politics doesn’t always work in your favour. We all know that nice guy’s finish last, even in the workplace. Here are ways to understand the political landscape in your company.

Different Organisations, Different Levels of Office Politics

A company’s culture determines its level of office politics. Some organisations practice minimal office politics. In these companies, what you see is what you get. Rules and regulations are clear and policies are pretty straightforward. Any underhanded deals in such companies are avoided and discouraged. The work space is calm, devoid of conflicts, and competition for promotions and other perks is minimal. Such an organisation is “safe” to work in, but individual career growth is slow.

Some organisations practise moderate office politics where general rules govern staff engagement, and here politics are low-key. The team-player mentality in such organisations is strong, and competition is present since recognition is valued and rewarded. Conflicts are a common occurrence among the staff in these companies. Career growth in such organisations is, however, fast depending on one’s ability to stand out in their area of expertise.

Other organisations are highly political. Positions of power come with many advantages. Rules in such organisations are mainly invoked when they favour those in power. There are clearly defined cliques in the workplace and competition is cut-throat. Who you know rather than what you know can determine your success. Working in an organisation like this can be extremely stressful.

So, How Do You Survive Office Politics and Thrive?

The best strategy is to understand the office environment you are in. Once you pass the interview and report to work, make it your duty to study the company and identify the levels of office politics in play. Office politics are inevitable. You have to make the best of the environment you find yourself in.

In a low-level political environment;

  • Do your job well. Ensure that your key performance indicators are attained and that your supervisor is generally satisfied with your work.
  • Remember rules in such organisations are taken seriously so try to be on the compliant side as much as possible.
  • Seek growth.

In middle-level political environments;

  • Identify a respected colleague, higher in rank, to be your mentor. Not only will they view you as a trainee, but they will also influence your career growth and potentially defend you.
  • Be deliberately kind to colleagues. Once in a while, help someone who is struggling in an area you are good at in the office. It enhances interpersonal relationships.
  • Stand out by doing important and visible tasks. When you get an opportunity to shine, dazzle everyone with your skills and expertise. This puts you in a favourable position with key decision-makers.
  • Keep your antennae out for potential bad politics directed your way and handle any attack with grace.

In high-level political environments

If you view high-level political working environments as a challenge rather than a stressful bother, and you get a thrill from working in such an environment;

  • Learn from the best. Watch those who are skilled , If possible, get a worthy mentor.
  • Break any dysfunctional behaviour patterns that have made you lose important roles in the past. In a highly competitive environment, you need to constantly transform into a better version of yourself to thrive.
  • Be unpredictable. A highly competitive working environment is a jungle, and using the same strategies over and over may make you an easy target. 
  • Be careful what you say and to who. Highly competitive environments are fertile grounds for bad office politics. What you say in such organisations is used against you and you may find yourself getting penalised for a joke you made in a light moment.
  • Face your attacker and seek to smooth things between the two of you amicably. If they are not willing, learn to handle them without being drawn to bickering and squabbles.

How to Make Office Politics Work for You

Here are important questions to ask yourself in regards to office politics in your workplace. 

  • Are there informal networks/cliques in the workplace?
  • Who supports who?
  • Who is respected in the office?
  • How is success measured? What matters?
  • Who are the key formal and informal influencers?
  • Does the informal hierarchy run in parallel with the formal one?
  • Who are the gatekeepers? How do you get past them?
  • Who seems to be the first to know about upcoming changes?


Doreen Mueke
Doreen is the Senior Content Marketer at Ringier One Africa Media.


    • Hello Benard,
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  1. Wow! I like the article. It was a good start of the day with a lot to learn from. Congratulations to the author.

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  2. Wow! Mueke, you have elaborated very well and made it easy to relate it to everyday work environment. This is Excellent work piece.Thanks Brighter Monday, I have learnt something great today!

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  3. I like it, Politics is an inborn environment the each one of us is found in it unknowingly. This therefore suggests that politics is inevitable.

    • Hello Dalmus,
      Thanks a lot for sharing your sentiments.
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  4. And if samebody is a primary level because lack of capital and have experience of bussine can get a chance of job?

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      You can start your own business or enroll in a technical college in the field that you desire with only a primary certificate.
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      There are many opportunities out there, you only need to a have network of the right people who will bring significance to your life and never underrate humble beginnings, its where many start.
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  5. Thank you brightermonday for the insightful highlights on office politics. Indeed this is an eye opener.

    Thank you.


    • You’re welcome Joyce,
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  6. I think the nature of office politics is also defined by the values of a company. If you work for a company where the boss gives autonomous power to managers who put their interests above the company, then you only succeed if you can play according to these corrupt managers. Trying to play nice will have you thrown out. I’d say, if your values don’t align with the company’s, then move on.

    • Thanks for sharing your sentiments Kena.
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    • Hello Irene.
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  7. Beautiful. ….. u have made my day today after I had a hard time with my boss because of politics….. Thank u

    • Thanks Dennis,
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  8. This is nice,just cleared campus last year and this article already gives me an idea of what to expect in a working environment not forgetting it has also gone further to guide on how one should react to certain office politics…thumbs up.

    • Thanks Rhyet
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  9. Very insightful. I work in a very political organization based on whom do you know to rise up the ladder. Thank you for this very informative article.

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  10. Oooh my Bm you.people have taught me a lot and following your pieces of advice is what I look up 2 everyday

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  11. Hey There,
    wooow I really love it. atleast u given more advices away from those my mentor taught me of which am gonna practise them to influences more n penetrate awesomely. Gods blesss be with you.

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  12. I have read this and given me more courage to face the office politics more wisely. I always study my new colleagues and work environment, so that i can know how to cope with them, and now with this added, i am gonna thrive through. Thank you

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  13. Exactly what I have been recently noticing. People with lesser skills getting promoted faster than me.

    Only question is where do you draw the line between critiquing a process for improvement and playing smart politics.

    Can I get a one-one session? 😃

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    • Hi Qvindah,
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  14. This is just what I needed to learn, am in the same situation where lesser skilled people in rank get to influence what happens, its a highly political environment and underhand deals are order of the day.

    • Hello Kevin,
      Thanks for sharing your sentiments..much appreciated.
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